Download Alien Constructions: Science Fiction and Feminist Thought by Patricia Melzer PDF

By Patricia Melzer

Although set in different worlds populated by means of alien beings, technological know-how fiction is a domain the place people can critique and re-imagine the paradigms that form this international, from basics resembling the intercourse and gender of the physique to worldwide energy family members between sexes, races, and countries. Feminist thinkers and writers are more and more spotting technological know-how fiction's power to shatter patriarchal and heterosexual norms, whereas the creators of technological know-how fiction are bringing new intensity and complexity to the style by way of attractive with feminist theories and politics. This booklet maps the intersection of feminism and technological know-how fiction via shut readings of technological know-how fiction literature by way of Octavia E. Butler, Richard Calder, and Melissa Scott and the flicks "The Matrix" and the "Alien" sequence. Patricia Melzer analyzes how those authors and movies symbolize debates and ideas in 3 parts of feminist idea: identification and distinction, feminist reviews of technology and expertise, and the connection between gender id, physique, and wish, together with the recent gender politics of queer wants, transgender, and intersexed our bodies and identities. She demonstrates that key political components form those debates, together with international capitalism and exploitative classification family inside of a becoming overseas approach; the influence of laptop, business, and scientific applied sciences on women's lives and reproductive rights; and post-human embodiment as expressed via biotechnologies, the body/machine interface, and the commodification of wish. Melzer's research makes it transparent that feminist writings and readings of technological know-how fiction are a part of a feminist critique of latest energy kinfolk - and that the alien buildings (cyborgs, clones, androids, extraterrestrial beings, and hybrids) that populate post-modern technological know-how fiction are as almost certainly empowering as they're threatening.

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The second, which is closely connected to the first and examined in Chapter 2, is difference, through which the ‘‘other’’ is constituted, and its relation to identities. ’’ Butler’s focus on both colonial experience and alternative ways of dealing with difference invites at times seemingly contradictory interpretations. This apparent contradiction is especially visible in the Oankali, the alien race in her Xenogenesis trilogy. An anticolonial context highlights their negative role as colonizers, while a critical examination of the relationship of identity and difference points out the alternative, anti-essentialist logic of identity they embody.

The first is the theme of colonial experiences, which is discussed in Chapter 1. The second, which is closely connected to the first and examined in Chapter 2, is difference, through which the ‘‘other’’ is constituted, and its relation to identities. ’’ Butler’s focus on both colonial experience and alternative ways of dealing with difference invites at times seemingly contradictory interpretations. This apparent contradiction is especially visible in the Oankali, the alien race in her Xenogenesis trilogy.

She offers concrete embodiments for subjectivities conceptualized within postcolonial theories in the forms of extraterrestrials and human-alien hybrids. By engaging in several anticolonial discourses, Butler conceptualizes political resistance in connection with the subject positions of black women. Butler’s conceptualization of new worlds and past experiences mirrors anticolonial theoretical concerns with geographical displacement and economic oppression justified by ideological constructions, such as slavery.

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