By U.C. Mohanty, Sundararaman.G. Gopalakrishnan
This ebook offers basically with tracking, prediction and knowing of Tropical Cyclones (TCs). It was once predicted to function a instructing and reference source at universities and educational associations for researchers and post-graduate scholars. it's been designed to supply a wide outlook on contemporary advances in observations, assimilation and modeling of TCs with designated and complex info on genesis, intensification, flow and typhoon surge prediction. in particular, it specializes in (i) state of the art observations for advancing TC learn, (ii) advances in numerical climate prediction for TCs, (iii) complicated assimilation and vortex initialization options, (iv) ocean coupling, (v) present services to foretell TCs, and (vi) complex examine in actual and dynamical methods in TCs. The chapters within the booklet are authored through prime overseas specialists from educational, examine and operational environments. The ebook is additionally anticipated to stimulate severe considering for cyclone forecasters and researchers, managers, coverage makers, and graduate and post-graduate scholars to hold out destiny study within the box of TCs.
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Additional info for Advanced Numerical Modeling and Data Assimilation Techniques for Tropical Cyclone Prediction
The NOAA P-3 airborne Doppler datasets were used for improved understanding of symmetric vortex and major asymmetries. The addition of a second airborne Doppler radar on the other P-3 enabled true dual-Doppler analyses and the ability to study the temporal evolution of the kinematic structure over 3–6 h. The advent of the WSR-88D Doppler radar network, and 20 Frank D. Marks, Jr. construction of portable Doppler radars that can be moved to a location near TC landfall have also generated new and unique datasets enabling improved understanding of (1) severe weather events associated with landfalling TCs, (2) boundary layer wind structure as the storm moves from over the sea to over land, and (3) spatial and temporal changes in the storm rain distribution.
H. and H. Riehl, 1981: The Hurricane and Its Impact. Louisiana State University Press. K. L. Thomsen, 2010: Dependence of tropical-cyclone intensification on the boundary layer representation in a numerical model. Quart. J. Roy Met. , 136, 1671–1685. , 1943: North Atlantic hurricanes and tropical disturbances of 1943. Mon. Wea. , 71, 179–183. , H. Sakakibara, M. Ishihara, K. Matsuura and Z. Yanagisawa, 1992: A general view of the structure of Typhoon 8514 observed by dual-Doppler radar: From outer rainbands to eyewall clouds.
Advancing the Understanding and Prediction of Tropical Cyclones 29 Acknowledgements The author wishes to acknowledge Dr. Balachandran Sethurathinam, Director, RMC Chennai for providing initial inputs for this work. The author acknowledges NOAA’s Hurricane Forecast Improvement Project that supported this work. Thanks are due to Dr. Hua Chen for providing the internal review of this work. , 2003: Targeted observations to improve operational tropical cyclone track forecast guidance. Mon. Wea. , 131, 1613–1628.