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By Ronald J. Deibert, John G. Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain

Many nations around the globe block or clear out web content material, denying entry to information—often approximately politics, but in addition in relation to sexuality, tradition, or religion—that they deem too delicate for traditional electorate. entry Denied records and analyzes web filtering practices in over 3 dozen international locations, delivering the 1st conscientiously carried out learn of this accelerating pattern. net filtering occurs in no less than 40 states all over the world together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. comparable net content material keep an eye on mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the U.S., and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of worldwide net filtering undertaken by way of the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman heart for net and Society at Harvard legislations college, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford college, and the college of Cambridge) and hoping on paintings through nearby specialists and an in depth community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, criminal, social, and cultural contexts of web filtering in those states from quite a few views. Chapters speak about the mechanisms and politics of net filtering, the strengths and obstacles of the know-how that powers it, the relevance of foreign legislations, moral issues for companies that offer states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the results of web filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on web applied sciences for speaking their missions. stories on net content material rules in 40 varied nations stick with, with each one nation profile outlining the categories of content material blocked by means of class and documenting key findings. Contributors : Ross Anderson, Malcolm Birdling, Ronald Deibert, Robert Faris, Vesselina Haralampieva, Steven Murdoch, Helmi Noman, John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Mary Rundle, Nart Villeneuve, Stephanie Wang, and Jonathan Zittrain

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Additional info for Access Denied. Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering [censorship]

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The countries that actively engage in the substantial filtering of political content also score poorly on measures of voice and accountability. 6. Yet many of the anomalies persist. We are still far from explaining why some countries resort to filtering while others refrain from taking this step. 5 Political filtering and voice and accountability. AE—United Arab Emirates; AF—Afghanistan; AZ— Azerbaijan; BH—Bahrain; BY—Belarus; CN—China; DZ—Algeria; EG—Egypt; ET—Ethiopia; HK— Hong Kong; IL—Israel; IN—India; IR—Iran; IQ—Iraq; JO—Jordan; KG—Kyrgyzstan; KR—South Korea; KZ—Kazakhstan; LY—Libya; MA—Morocco; MD—Moldova; MM—Burma/Myanmar; MY—Malaysia; NP—Nepal; OM—Oman; PK—Pakistan; PS—Gaza/West Bank; RU—Russia; SA—Saudi Arabia; SD— Sudan; SG—Singapore; SY—Syria; TH—Thailand; TH—Tunisia; TN—Tunisia; TJ—Tajikistan; UA— Ukraine; UZ—Uzbekistan; VE—Venezuela; VN—Vietnam; YE—Yemen; ZW—Zimbabwe.

7 The interplay among these types of regulations is a key aspect of this narrative. China, for instance, bundles Internet content restrictions with its copyright laws. This set of regulations sets a daunting web of requirements in front of anyone who might access the Internet or provide a service to another Internet user. These rules create a pretext that can be used to punish those who exchange undesirable content, even though the law may not be invoked in many instances it might cover—including copyright infringement.

The purpose of Wikipedia is ‘‘to create and distribute a multilingual free encyclopedia of the highest quality to every single person on the planet in their own language,’’4 and the means of creating it is through engagement of the public at large to contribute what it knows and to debate in earnest where beliefs differ, offering sources and arguments in quasiacademic style. While its decentralization creates well-known stability as a network, this decentralization reflected at the ‘‘content layer’’ for the purpose of ascertaining truth might give rise to radical instability at the social level in societies that depend on singular, official stories for their legitimacy.

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