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By American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Policy and Global Affairs, Security, and Cooperation Development, Committee on Assessing Fundamental Attitudes of

A similar applied sciences that gasoline medical advances additionally pose strength risks--that the information, instruments, and strategies received via valid biotechnology examine can be misused to create organic guns or for bioterrorism. this can be referred to as the twin use obstacle of the lifestyles sciences. but even study with the best capability for misuse could supply major merits. picking out the way to constrain the risk with no harming crucial medical learn is important for nationwide defense in addition to prosperity and health and wellbeing. This publication discusses a 2007 survey of yank organization for the development of technological know-how (AAAS) participants within the lifestyles sciences approximately their wisdom of twin use matters and attitudes approximately their duties to assist mitigate the hazards of misuse in their study. total, the implications recommend that there is massive help for techniques to oversight that depend on measures which are built and carried out through the medical group itself. The responses additionally recommend that there's a have to make clear the scope of study actions of shock and to supply counsel approximately what activities scientists can take to minimize the danger that their study should be misused by means of people with malicious motive.

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Additional resources for A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences: A Collaborative Effort of the National Research Council and the American Association for the Advancement of Science

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L. 107–188, 32 Since its inception the select agent program has been modified to include oversight of possession as well as transfer of certain agents; the list of agents that might be used as biological weapons to attack humans has also increased, and potential agricultural biothreat agents have been added. More information on the program can be found at http://www. gov/od/sap/. 33 In 2008, after the FBI identified a researcher at the USAMRIID as the perpetrator of the 2001 anthrax attacks, the issue of whom to trust and how to ensure the reliability of those with access to dangerous pathogens again gained special attention.

Communication” of methodology and research results, 4. “Oversight” of dual use research of concern, 5. “Education and Training” of scientists and laboratory workers regarding dual use, 6. “Biosecurity issues raised by Synthetic Genomics,” and 7. 15 A number of the NSABB working groups have produced reports or proposals or undertaken activities. html. 24 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES research that, based on current understanding, can be reasonably anticipated to provide knowledge, products, or technologies that could be directly misapplied by others to pose a threat to public health and safety, agricultural crops and other plants, animals, the environment, or materiel (NSABB 2007:17).

Policies could even cause harm if they disrupted international collaborations essential to the advancement of the biomedical and other life sciences research. S. national security depends on continued promotion of the open exchange of research (NRC 2007a,b, 2009). 8 The life sciences are not the only area of science to have experienced concerns about misuse of the knowledge generated from research. In the 1980s, there was great concern about the potential for information in the open scientific literature being expropriated by enemies of the United States for arms development.

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