By Miquel Porta
This 6th version of A Dictionary of Epidemiology -- the main up to date given that its inception -- displays the profound great and methodological alterations that experience come to symbolize epidemiology and its linked disciplines. subsidized by means of the foreign Epidemiological organization, this e-book is still the fundamental reference for someone learning or operating in epidemiology, biostatistics, public wellbeing and fitness, medication, or the growing to be quantity wellbeing and fitness sciences during which epidemiologic competency is now required.
More than simply a dictionary, this article is an important guidebook to the kingdom of the technology. It bargains the most up-tp-date, authoritative definitions of phrases critical to biomedical and public overall healthiness literature -- every thing from confounding and incidence rate to epigenetic inheritance and Number Needed to Treat. As epidemiology keeps to alter and develop, A Dictionary of Epidemiology will stay its e-book of checklist.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Epidemiology
Example: agent number of deaths among residents age 25 − 34 in an area in a year × 100, 000 Age-specific death rate [age (25 − 34)] = average (for midyear) population age 25 − 34 in the area in that year The multiplier (usually 100,000 or 1 million) is chosen to produce a rate that can be expressed as a convenient number. 1,3,26 See also adjustment; standardization. aggregation bias (Syn: ecological bias) See aggregative fallacy; ecological fallacy. 48,49 aggregative fallacy An erroneous application to individuals of a causal relationship observed at the group level.
Epidemiologic methods: beyond clinical medicine, beyond epidemiology. Eur J Epidemiol 2004; 19: 733–735. 25. Fine P, Goldacre B, Haines A. Epidemiology—a science for the people. Lancet 2013; 381: 1249–1252. 26. Geneletti SG, Gallo V, Porta M, et al. Assessing causal relationships in genomics: From Bradford-Hill criteria to complex gene-environment interactions and directed acyclic graphs. Emerg Themes Epidemiol 2011; 8: 5. ete-online. com/content/8/1/5 27. Rockström J, Steffen W, Noone K, et al.
Attributable risk percent (exposed) The attributable fraction among the exposed, expressed as a percentage of the total rate or risk among the exposed. attributable risk percent (population) The attributable fraction for the population, expressed as a percentage of the total rate or risk in the population. attributable risk (population) This term has been used to denote the attributable fraction for the population and the population excess risk. attribute A qualitative characteristic of an individual or an item.