By National Research Council, Policy and Global Affairs, Technology, and Economic Policy Board on Science, Committee on Comparative Innovation Policy: Best Practice for the 21st Century, Charles Wessner, Kenneth Flamm, Masayuki Kondo, Sadao Nagaoka
Spotting potential to innovate and commercialize new high-technology items is more and more a key for the industrial progress within the surroundings of tighter environmental and source constraints, governments around the globe have taken energetic steps to bolster their nationwide innovation platforms. those steps underscore the assumption of those governments that the emerging bills and hazards linked to new very likely high-payoff applied sciences, their spillover or externality-generating results and the starting to be international pageant, require nationwide R&D courses to help the concepts by way of new and present high-technology businesses inside their borders. The nationwide learn Council's Board on technology, expertise, and monetary coverage (STEP) has launched into a learn of chosen international innovation courses compared to significant U.S. courses. The "21st Century Innovation platforms for the USA and Japan: classes from a Decade of swap" symposium reviewed executive courses and projects to help the advance of small- and medium-sized companies, government-university- collaboration and consortia, and the impression of the highbrow estate regime on innovation. This e-book brings jointly the papers awarded on the convention and gives a old context of the problems mentioned on the symposium.
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Additional info for 21st Century Innovation Systems for Japan and the United States: Lessons from a Decade of Change: Report of a Symposium
First, Japanese policymakers have adopted a system of technology transfer based on the principle of university ownership of patent rights, following precedents set out in the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980. In particular, the Japanese BayhDole Act (The Law on the Special Measures for Revitalizing Industrial Activities) was enacted in 1999, and permits the retention by the grantees or by contractors of the patents to the inventions derived from publicly funded research. In 1998, legislation to promote the establishment and activities of Technology Licensing Organizations (TLOs) was enacted.
In this project, the of AIST also played an important role, and This three-year project, which also involved AIST’s Electro Technical Laboratory, pushed Japanese electronics companies to world leadership in LSI technology. Other METI projects focused on advanced materials, mechanical engineering, energy development, and environmental technologies. However, due to the advancement of technological complexity, it became difﬁcult to identify common technological targets among participating companies.
Richard R. Nelson, Bhaven N. Sampat, and Arvids A. Ziedonis. 2001. S. ” Research Policy 30. Nagaoka, Sadao. 2006. ” Presentation at the conference, 21st Century Innovation Systems for the United States and Japan: Lessons from a Decade of Change. Tokyo, Japan. The National Academies, NISTEP of Japan, and The Institute of Innovation Research of Hitotsubashi University. pdf>. National Research Council. 2005. Getting Up to Speed: The Future of Supercomputing. : The National Academies Press. II OVERVIEW Overview Sadao Nagaoka Hitotsubashi totsubashi University Uni e Kenneth Flamm University of Texas at Austin Masayuki Kondo Yokohama National University and National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP) Innovation is a key driving force for economic growth and competitiveness in the 21st century.