Making a smarter world with internet of things
Have you ever thought to search your lost keys on google?Or you ever think of calling your keys so that it could ring as your phone does and you could get the exact location of it?
Well with the internet of things it won’t take lot of years when you could know where your keys are, while sitting anywhere in the world. So then, you would be thinking what is internet of things?
What is internet of things?
It is an environment of objects, devices, vehicles, building, animals and human beings where everything is connected to each other through a network and it is able to collect and transfer data among themselves. It can be thought of the change of tradition where human-human or human-machine interacted with each other to perform any operation. Internet of things(IoT) involves machine to machine interaction(M2M). Each object gets its own identity through the IPV6 address and could communicate to each other on the network. The IoT is the outcome of the convergence of the wireless technologies, sensors, micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) and the Internet.
Kevin Ashton, cofounder and executive director of the Auto-ID Center at MIT, first mentioned the Internet of Things in a presentation he made to Procter & Gamble in 1999. Here’s how Ashton explains the potential of the Internet of Things:
“Today computers — and, therefore, the Internet — are almost wholly dependent on human beings for information. Nearly all of the roughly 50 petabytes (a petabyte is 1,024 terabytes) of data available on the Internet were first captured and created by human beings by typing, pressing a record button, taking a digital picture or scanning a bar code.
The problem is, people have limited time, attention and accuracy — all of which means they are not very good at capturing data about things in the real world. If we had computers that knew everything there was to know about things — using data they gathered without any help from us — we would be able to track and count everything and greatly reduce waste, loss and cost. We would know when things needed replacing, repairing or recalling and whether they were fresh or past their best.”
What could be the applications of Internet of things…
The number of fields where IoT could be applied is far beyond imagination. In every aspects of life from smart watches to becoming smart cities internet of things could be big boon. Have you ever imagined that while driving a car you can be able to know which parking space is empty or what is the best path to the office with least traffic? What if you just put your clothes in the machine and the machine itself decides which type of energy to use? Is there green energy available or not? Imagine when your water heater starts heating as your alarm clocks beeps in the morning so that you don’t have to wait for hot water!!
You can easily monitor your heart beats on your smartphone which is also monitored by the hospital and can easily predict that you are going to have some health problem months before. Plants, which need a lot of caring can be monitored and we will get to know about their need of irrigation or the fertility level. The agricultural could be used for the highest productivity with least crop failure.
We are not only putting objects or devices on internet to become a smart object but also it will be just an imagination when every person on the earth will become a smart person which will be connected to others and the thoughts will flow through the network.
Internet of things changing the approach of advertisement…
There are two aspects of IoT one is getting to the problem of consumers about the product through collecting its data and fulfilling the needs of the costumers by connecting devices with services.
The other thing is advertising of products by the use IoT.
A simple example can be put forward that firstly a smart fridge is being invented which collects the data like the items stored in it, items more regularly used, cooling patterns of the fridge according to the weather pattern of the place. Secondly we connect this fridge with devices for example smartphone, TV and the mobile wallet. A warning from the smart fridge notifies the smartphone and an app installed in it adds the grocery item that goes out of stock in its list. Not only this the fridge tells the TV to run milk ads and when the costumer buys the milk using mobile wallet the ads automatically goes off. Through this, the approach of advertisement is completely up turned. Now the customer sees and buys the products which he/she wants which facilitates the company to sell the products smartly. The old concept of “demand and supply” getting more precision.
Internet of things in India and other countries
Here’s the thing … developing and emerging markets would like to have these innovations too.
In a list of countries by IoT devices online per 100 inhabitants as published by the OECD in 2015 south korea top the list by 37.9 and India stands at 24th position with only 0.6 devices online per 100 inhabitants.
China has a long history of air pollution and is making a real attempt to reduce its carbon emissions. Africa is in dire need of clean water technology and energy efficient solutions to alleviate the impact of low-tech power grids. India has a population of 1.2 billion that is becoming ever more engaged with mobile and has a potential app economy that could create 600,000 jobs by 2016, ZDNet reports.
The hype around the IoT has been building for some time, so it is of little surprise that developing and emerging markets would want a piece of the action.
The major difficulties while implementing IoT
The main and the biggest problem that arrive is there is lot data being generated so the enterprise face the challenge of how to store the data. Storing is not the last task there should be ways of extracting or retrieving the data efficiently through technology like data mining. The IoT revolves around the data, the information and the knowledge that it provides.
The second problem is the security of the most valuable data of the enterprise. So making smart devices is not the only task making them least vulnerable is also a challenge. If the technology is going to be used in defense, industrialization and medical aspects leakage of information could lead to a big setback to technology.
The other problem that arrives is the net speed and the net penetration. 95% of the world has access to a mobile network but internet access is sparse in the developing and emerging world. Around 34.1% of households have access in the developing world. The situation is worse in the 48 countries designated by the United Nations as least developed—only 6.7% of households have Internet access. And it is this lack of connectivity that could prevent the IoT taking root in Africa, India and even some parts of rural China.
According to Gartner Inc. (a technology research and advisory corporation), there will be nearly 26 billion devices on the Internet of Things by 2020.Most people see internet of things as a technology which changes the way of living or it must be said it makes the living smart such as the use of smart TV’s, refrigerators, watches, etc. People see it as a technology which gives higher output with lower effort.
In India the government is running plans for making smart cities with higher penetration to internet. It is creating opportunities to the people to use such type of technologies and get better medical facilities, infrastructural growth, pollution free environment and better living standards.
The other aspects of IoT is the opportunities it creates for operational technology security providers and data management people. Studies have already shown the height of employment it is going to provide to the developing nations like India.
Dr. John Barrett describes the internet of things in the following video :